ѡ*ʦѧʹۼѧΪչо

ڣ2021-06-11 05:32:05

*ʦѧʹ ѧΪչо
* /ʿ ɽʦѧγѧо
2008.4

ʶ
? ʦѧΪչоǵǰγ̽ѧ۵ һҪо
? ʦĽѧΪѧ֧䣬 ѧԽѧʵоԵӰ졣

*ʦѧʹ ѧΪչо
? ? ? ѧʹۡѧʽѧΪѧѧ*Ĺϵ ? оƺ͹ ? оķ֣һ*ʦѧʹ۵ķչ
? оķ֣*ʦѧʽѧΪķչ ? ӰʦѧʹۼѧΪĿγ ? оĽۺͽ



ѧĿ

͹ҵĻ

ѧ ѧ

ѧĺĹ

ȫѧ жƻҪ
жĿ֮һ

ʵ ѧ





Ҫ











ʦпѧʹ

ʦпѧʽѧΪ

йѧĻʹ ҹѧҪ

עѧҹѧĻʹ

ѧΪһ ĻĹ











йĻ Ļ ͳ Ļ

ѧΪһ ĻĹ









ѧ

ѧĻ

*ʦ ѧ ӦѧΪ

չʦѧʹҹѧҪ

ҹѧǿѧ̽ѧ̺ͼܡ





ΪһʦѧǾϵģ



˵ʵǰû

ӡơǺ̺ͶɣºԶ

ѧʽ

աֵúãѧ [T10]

ˮ*

*ʦĿѧʹ۵ʾ崦ˮ*

ˮ*

ѧΪ ѧǿ͹۵ġܽȷ֪ʶһѰ͹о

۲ۣΪԭӽṹֱͨӹ۲췢չġ

ѧۺͿѧɣۺ͹ɵIJʽ

Ϊѧ֪ʶIJϸĿѧ˵Ժʹԡ

Ϊʶо˵ԡ

ˮ*

ΪȷĿѧDzıġ

ѧĻ

ΪѧdzԽĻ߽ģĻӰ졣



ʦ ְǰ ְ

о
ʦѧʹ ѧΪ

УΪ;
ʦרҵչ

һḻ
*ʦγ

ְʦУ

˶ʿѲѧ* ؿγ̽







ƿγ

һͨѧ ʽѧоר ֡ ѧ ʵʩ˼

ͨѧ ʽѧо
γ̡ѧ 뷴˼



1.ѧ֪ʶԾΪı 2.ѧеĹ۲졢ۺ۵ı

3.ѧۺ͹ɵĹü֮Ĺϵ

4.ѧ֪ʶĴԺԱ

ѧı

5.ѧ֪ʶĸ۱ 6.ѧ֪ʶݶԱ



7.ѧ֪ʶֲĻ֮



Է ̽ѧİ



Է˼Է**֪Խѧ



Ҫ ѧʷγ̡ѧγ



չʦ

ѧѧγ

ѧʹ۵о



еоҪڣ ʦѧʹתΪ ѧΪӰغ

ѧʽѧΪ







ԽѧĿ

չʦ

ѧʶˮ*

ѧ

۲

ѧΪо Ҫ ע֪ʶIJʽ

˼Ի

⹩ * ѧѧ

չ ѧ

ҵƹעѧ

ۻ

ѧʹۡѧʽѧΪѧѧ*Ļϵ

߼ʵͳ֤ ѧ







ԿѧĿ ѧ Կѧ֪ʶѡӰ



ԿýѧʽӰ

ԽѧƵӰ

ѧ

ԽѧӰ

Ϊ Կѧѧ*۵Ӱ

ѧʹ
ѧ ѧ Կѧ ѧ *
˼άʽ

оķʽ жо

A飺6λְ*ʦ оĶ B飺14λ*˶ʿ
C飺21λ*˶ʿ

Aʵ9



ʵо չ

Bγѧ*36ʱ

Cγѧ*36ʱ





ѧʹ۵ʾ9ʽĿ



о ѧʹˮ*۱׼



ѧʽѧΪˮ*۱׼







ռ

ѧʹۣͨʾͷ̸ ѧʽѧΪÿǰеĽѧΪ



ؼԱúɫʱ

ձ׼ˮ*





ݿ Ͷ
ѧʹۡѧʽѧΪ󲿷

Aʵ

Bγѧ*

Cγѧ*





ԡӡѧ Ϊķͬ

ѧ

1



ѧʵ

5

˼





Ƶ1

Ƶ1



˼

ѧ

˼



ԡӡѧ Ϊķָ

2

Ľѧ

4

Ҽϵͳ



˼

ѧ ԡѧҼ

Ϊָѧ

ϼۡѧƷ ָµĽѧ ѧ

˼

2
5

˼

5-6

ѧĿѧΪˮ*
? ˮ*1ѧĿûпѧĿ ? ˮ*2ѧĿпѧĿ ? ˮ*3ѧĿйؿѧĿ
С壻 ? ˮ*4ѧĿйؿѧĿ
С壬н̬ݣָĿ ̺; ? ˮ*5ѧĿйؿѧĿ С壬н̬ݣке ָĿĹ̺;

ѧ*ѧΪˮ*
? ˮ*1֪ʶĽ̬Ϊ⣬ ֻ֪ʶʲô֪ʶʲôΪ⣻
? ˮ*2ʶ⣬֪ʶIJ ʽ漰
? ˮ*3нΪʶ⣬ָ ѧ⡣

۲
? ˮ*1ڹ۲û
? ˮ*2ܹ۲ۣ
? ˮ*3ܹ۲ۣ ΪеĴӹ۲쵽۵ĿԽԻ

ע֪ʶʽ
? ˮ*1ýʽѧֻ ѧɻѧۣ
? ˮ*2ܹڶɺѧ*в̽ Խѧ
? ˮ*3ѧ*ɻ۵ʱ̽ ԽѧʹӦ֪ʶγɻ

˼ۻ
? ˮ*1ֻǽм򵥵֪ʶعˣ
? ˮ*2ֻǴ֪ʶĽ͹ָܺ ˵ԣ
? ˮ*3ܹ֪ʶ֪ʶĽ͹ ָоۺ֪ʶĺԡ

ҵ
? ˮ*1ֻ֪ʶΪͣ
? ˮ*2жڹ۲۽𣬻ж ֪ʶʽ˵ҵ
? ˮ*3жڹ۲۽ж֪ ʶʽ˵ҵԼж֪ʶ Խ۵ҵ

ѧĿ깹

ѧ

Ϊ

ѧ

ϵ

ͳ

ѧ۹

ѧ΢ۻ

ҵ

ѧʹں

ʶ˼WWHWģ ֪ʶʲô ֪ʶֵʲô ֪ʶβ ֪ʶΪʲôǺ?

ѧĿ



ĿWWHW

ѧ

̡Ŀģʽ



Ϊ

ѧĿ





ѧеľ

ϵ

ͳ
ѧ

Ի ۲ עزʽ ѧ
˼Ի ع֪ʶѧ* ˼֪ʶĺ
ҵ

ʵݱȽ



Aʵо

Bγѧ*

Cγѧ*

ר
ָ µ ѧ

1.ѧʵ߸档 1.ѧʵ߸档 1.ѧʵ߸档

2.йѧĻ 2.йѧĻ 2.йѧĻʹ

ʹ

ʹ



3.ѧʽѧ Ժͷ˼Բԡ

3.ѧʶķ˼ ָܡ 4.ѧʽѧ

3.ѧʶķ˼ ָܡ
4.*ʦѧʹ۶ ѧӰ졣

Ժͷ˼Բԡ

5.ͳѧʹ뵱

ѧʹ۵ĽṹԱ

ϡ

6.ѧʽѧԲ

Ժͷ˼Բԡ

ԡӡѧΪ ķڽѧĿ пѧʽѧĿı ڽѧעع ۵ע Իַ˼Ի ͷ˼ҵơ

ǰԡӡѧ Ϊ һʶˮ* ԡѧʽͻϼۡ ѧΪķ

ڡ*ʦѧ ʽѧΪҼ ϵͳ԰ ѧָ Ľѧơ

оķ֣һ *ʦѧʹ۵ķչ
? 6λְʦѧʹ۷չ ? B*ʦѧʹ۷չ ? C*ʦѧʹ۷չ

6λְʦѧʹ۷չ
1ʵǰѧʹ۵ĸˮ*вԡ
ĸˮ*1 ѧ֪ʶԾΪıʡ ѧеĹ۲졢ۺ۵ıʡ ѧۺ͹ɵĹü֮Ĺϵ ѧ֪ʶֲĻ֮С
涼ˮ*2 ѧ֪ʶĴԺԡ ѧ֪ʶĸ۱ʡ ѧ֪ʶݶԱʡ

5-1 6 λְʦʵǰѧʹͳ



ѧ֪ ʶ Ϊ

ı

ǰ

ѧ֪ ʶ Ϊ

ı



ѧеĹ۲졢

۵ı

ǰ

ѧеĹ۲졢

۵ı



ѧ ۺ Ĺ

֮Ĺϵ

ǰ

ѧ ۺ Ĺ

֮Ĺϵ



ѧ֪ ʶ Ժ



ǰ

ѧ֪ ʶ Ժ





ѧ֪ ʶ



ǰ

ѧ֪ ʶ





ѧ֪ ʶ ݶ Ա

ǰ

ѧ ֪ ʶ



ѧ ֪ ʶ ֲ

Ļ֮

ǰ

ѧ֪ ʶֲ

Ļ֮

*ֵ 2.083 1.167 2.083 1.167 2.167 1.083 2.167 2.000 2.333 2.000 2.083 2.000 1.250 1.167

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

׼ .204 .408 .204 .258 .408 .204 .258 .000 .516 .000 .204 .000 .418 .408

*׼ 8.333E-02 .167 8.333E-02 .105 .167 8.333E-02 .105 .000 .211 .000 8.333E-02 .000 .171 .167

6λְʦѧʹ۷չ
2-ͬԽѧʵ
ѧ֪ʶԾΪıʡ ѧеĹ۲졢۵ıʡ ѧۺ͹ɵĹü֮Ĺϵ
չл塣 3.ڿѧʹ۵ûԱ仯

6λְʦѧʹ۷չ
4һḻ˽ʦԿѧʵ⡣ 5.ûʹʦĿѧʹ۴ﵽˮ*3

B*ʦѧʹ۷չ
1ʵǰѧʹ۵ĸˮ*в ĸ洦ˮ*1ıϸ
ѧ֪ʶԾΪıʡ ѧеĹ۲졢ۺ۵ıʡ ѧۺ͹ɵĹü֮Ĺϵ ѧ֪ʶֲĻ֮С

5-11

B*ʦʵ ǰѧʹͳ



ѧ֪ ʶ Ϊ

ı

ǰ

ѧ֪ ʶ Ϊ

ı



ѧеĹ۲졢

۵ı

ǰ

ѧеĹ۲졢

۵ı



ѧ ۺ Ĺ

֮Ĺϵ

ǰ

ѧ ۺ Ĺ

֮Ĺϵ



ѧ֪ ʶ Ժ



ǰ

ѧ֪ ʶ Ժ





ѧ֪ ʶ



ǰ

ѧ֪ ʶ





ѧ֪ ʶ ݶ Ա

ǰ

ѧ ֪ ʶ



ѧ ֪ ʶ ֲ

Ļ֮

ǰ

ѧ֪ ʶֲ

Ļ֮

*ֵ 2.286 1.000 2.393 1.107 2.893 1.143 2.143 1.929 2.571 1.786 2.429 1.643 2.500 1.286

14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14

׼ .469 .000 .487 .289 .289 .363 .363 .267 .514 .426 .475 .497 .519 .469

*׼ .125 .000 .130
7.736E-02 7.736E-02 9.705E-02 9.705E-02 7.143E-02
.137 .114 .127 .133 .139 .125

B*ʦѧʹ۷չ
? 2Bγѧ*B*ʦ ﵽˮ*2.5ˮ*3ı
ѧ֪ʶԾΪıʡ 42.9% ѧеĹ۲졢ۺ۵ıʡ 57.1% ѧۺ͹ɵĹü֮Ĺϵ 92.9% ѧ֪ʶĸ۱ʡ 57.1%

B*ʦѧʹ۷չ
3һḻ˽ʦԿѧʵ⡣
4Bγѧ*B*ʦڡѧ ֪ʶĴԺԡû 仯.ʵﵽˮ*3Ľʦֻ2λ 14.3%ʦȻڿѧʹ۵ 6ﵽˮ*3ıϸߣڡѧ еĴԺԱʡDzԾش ʶụ̀ʶо˵

C*ʦѧʹ۵ķչ
1ʵǰѧʹ۵ĸˮ*вԡ 6λְʦB14λʦһ¡

C*ʦѧʹ۵ķչ
2Cγѧ*C*ʦѧ ߸ﵽˮ*2.5ˮ*3ı(%)ֱ 61.9 85.7 95.2 57.1%100 85.7 66.7 ԶԶ6λְʦķչˮ* ҲB*ʦķչˮ* ĸCBԲ
ѧеĹ۲졢۵ıʡ ѧ֪ʶĴԺԱʡ ѧ֪ʶĸ۱ʡ ѧ֪ʶݶԱʡ

C*ʦѧʹ۵ķչ
? 3ѧʽѧΪҼơ һḻ˽ʦԿѧʵ⡣

*ʦѧʹ۷չС
? 1*ʦʵǰĿѧʹ۵ĸˮ*в ԡ
? 2Aʵְʦ ѧ֪ʶԾΪıʡ ѧеĹ۲졢۵ıʡ ѧۺ͹ɵĹü֮Ĺϵ չл塣
? 3Aʵְʦû Ա仯
? 4AʵûʹʦĿѧʹ۴ﵽˮ*3

*ʦѧʹ۷չС
? 5Bγѧ*B*ʦ ˮ*3ıAʵʹְʦѧ ۷չˮ*
? 6Bγѧ**ʦڡѧ֪ʶĴ ԺԡûԱ仯

*ʦѧʹ۷չС
? 7Cγѧ**ʦѧ߸ ﵽˮ*3ıϸߡĸ ѧеĹ۲졢ۺ۵ıʡ ѧ֪ʶĴԺԱʡ ѧ֪ʶĸ۱ʡ ѧ֪ʶݶԱʡ C*ʦķչˮ*B*ʦķչˮ* Բ졣
? 8ѧ*ڽһḻʦԿѧʵ лá

оķ֣ *ʦѧʽѧΪķչ
? 6λְʦѧʽѧΪչ ? B*ʦѧʽѧΪչ ? C*ʦѧʽѧΪչ

6λְʦѧʽѧΪչ
1ʵǰСעزʽѧ Ϊ洦ˮ*2ʦڿѧѧ ѽ̽ԽѧΪĽѧ ʽѧʽѧΪ涼 ˮ*1˵ʦʵǰûп ѧʽѧΪ

6-1 6λְʦʵǰѧʽѧΪȽͳ



ѧĿ

ǰ

ѧĿ



ѧ

ǰ

ѧ



۲

ǰ

۲



עزʽ

ǰ

עزʽ



˼Ի

ǰ

˼Ի



ҵ

ǰ

ҵ

a. ׼Ϊ0ܼtֵ.

*ֵ 2.00 a 1.00 a 1.00 a 1.00 a
2.17
1.00 2.00 a 2.00 a 1.00 a 1.00 a 1.00 a 1.00 a

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

׼ .00 .00 .00 .00 .41 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00

*׼ .00 .00 .00 .00 .17 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00

6λְʦѧʽѧΪչ
2ڵ1ηͬԽѧʵ УڹѧĿʱͿʼǿ ѧĿꡣƵĹУ6 λְʦĽѧĿһֱˮ *2ûзչϸˮ*

6λְʦѧʽѧΪչ

3ʦ23-ͬʵ ܹԵ۲ۡ

۲ ۲

6-2 6λ ְ ʦ ʵ ǰ ѧ ѧ Ϊ T



Աֵ ׼ *׼

95%





1. 1 7

. 41

. 17

. 74

1. 6 0

t 7. 0 00

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

5

. 00 1

6λְʦѧʽѧΪչ
4ƹ6λְʦ ѧơ ˼Իơ ҵơ
ѧΪһֱˮ*1 עزʽѧΪһֱˮ
*2ûκηչ

B*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 1ʵǰڡעزʽѧΪ 洦ˮ*2ʦڿѧѧ ̽ԽѧΪĽѧʽ 涼ˮ*1˵ ʦʵǰûпƵѧʽѧ Ϊ

6-3 B*ʦγѧ*ǰѧʽѧΪչͳ





ѧĿ

2.43

ǰ

ѧĿ

1.00



ѧ

1.71

ǰ

ѧ

1.00



۲

ǰ

۲

2.00 a 1.00 a



עزʽ

2.00

ǰ

עزʽ

1.93



˼Ի

1.57

ǰ

˼Ի

1.00



ҵ

1.50

ǰ

ҵ

1.00

a. ׼Ϊ0ܼtֵ

14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14

׼ .76 .00 .47 .00 .00 .00 .00 .27 .51 .00 .52 .00

*׼ .20 .00 .13 .00 .00 .00 .00
7.14E-02 .14 .00 .14 .00

B*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 2ڽ5֮ǰѧʽѧΪ ûԱ仯ֻڽ3غ㶨ɡ УעزʽԱ仯 ˵ԵĹ֪ʶѧ*Уʦ ܹעɵĹʽʽʹ Ӧ֪ʶγԻ

6-14 B*ʦעزʽˮ*չ

1
2
3
4
5 6

ˮ* 2 1 Total 2 1 Total 3 2 1 Total 2 1 Total 2 2

Ƶ 13 1 14 10 4 14 6 7 1 14 4 10 14 14 14

92.9 7.1
100.0 71.4 28.6
100.0 42.9 50.0 7.1
100.0 28.6 71.4
100.0 100.0 100.0

ۼƱ 92.9
100.0
71.4 100.0
42.9 92.9 100.0
28.6 100.0
100.0 100.0

B*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 3ڽ56 ѧʽѧΪ
ѧĿ깹 ѧơ ۲ۡ ˼Իơ
ҵơ ʼ״̬Ա仯

B*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 4оڽ2֮ΪB*ʦṩֿ ѧʽѧΪġӡԭӡѧƷ ֡һѧ*Bʦڽ3Ľ ѧƲһӰ졣ڽ3֮оΪB ʦṩֿѧʽѧΪġغ㶨 ɡѧƷ֡Щڽ4 ʱлûбֳӰ졣 Ϊѧʽ뻯ϼۡԵۻɣ ʦڽϸߵʶˮ*⻯ѧʽϼ ʵ֮ʶ۹ϵ½ʦڡѧʽͻ ϼۡпѧʽѧΪˮ*1

B*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 5BƾBγѧ*󣬳 ڽ3غ㶨ɡУ עزʽһ42.9%Ľ ʦﵽˮ*3ѧʽѧ Ϊû1ﵽˮ*3

C*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 1ʵǰڡעزʽѧΪ61.9% ʦˮ*2ʦڿѧѧѽ̽Խ ѧΪĽѧʽ
ѧʽѧΪ涼ˮ*1˵ ʦʵǰûеѧʽѧΪB ʦʵǰһ¡

6-23 C *ʦγѧ*ǰѧʽѧΪչȽͳ

1 ѧĿ ѧĿ
2 ѧ ѧ
3 ۲ ۲
4 עزʽ עزʽ
5 ˼Ի ˼Ի
6 ҵ ҵ

*ֵ 4.238 1.000 2.524 1.000 2.810 1.000 2.810 1.619 2.810 1.000 2.524 1.000

21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21

׼ 1.044 .000 .602 .000 .512 .000 .402 .498 .512 .000 .602 .000

*׼ .228 .000 .131 .000 .112 .000
8.781E-02 .109 .112 .000 .131 .000

C*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 2ڽ1ʱC*ʦڡѧĿ깹 ѧΪ38.1%ʦﵽˮ*2 ʼ״̬Ա仯˵ʦڹ ѧĿʱѾʼעѧʽѧĿꡣ ѧʽѧΪû 仯

C*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 3ѧʽѧΪ棬ڽ1֮ ÿһ̱ǰһ̶Ա仯ڽ5 ʱѧʽѧΪ涼൱ ʦﵽӦĸˮ*˵C ʦĿѧʽѧΪڲϷչġ

ʦC2ķ˼ռ
? ţٵһɵĽѧܹдĴΡһ Ǹݶд̰ģʽŽ̲İѸεĶ ܽΪ⣬ٰϵľݳʵ ȥдоȻζֲһйء Ժ͵ԡЦڽ̰еɫ ƪǽ̲ݵдûڶɲ ı֪ʶҲûվϵͳĹ۵˼ɵ չḶ̸́վʶ۵ ߶֪ʶΪ巢չѧԿѧʵ⣬ ̰ʵдա

? ڶڷ˼ܵļغ͡ѧ ѧƵIJɵġӲǽ ѧѧƵĿܸţٵһ ɡˣ˼ˡţٵһɡ 塢ţٵһɡIJʽ ţٵһɡĺ⡣Ȼֻ èֻǽ˷dz˼Ͼ վʶ۵ĸ߶ȣԭʶˮ* ˽̰һȣӦ˵ ʵIJͬ

? Dzաӡѧƣо ״̬ѧĿעӺ ǣΧ֪ʶĸչ ա̡Ŀꡱģʽѧ Ҫʶ壬Ҫԡҷ٤ Ժʿ¶˶ϵʶ̣ ˡΪʲô٤Ժʿ¶ ϵʶǻͬľʵȴ ෴Ľۡ⣬Լо ⡣ѧ̵ҲɷѿģҲ ˷˼ҵ

? ĴDzơʦѧʽѧΪҼذ ƵģҪҪǡţٵһɡ Ŀѧʹ۲ҪԻ˵ϸ˰е ѧ⣬֣ţٵһɡܺܺõ֡ ƶ֪ʶµʶһʿµĹ۵ ȻǴģڵʱҲĺԵġ˵٤ Ժʿ¶˶ϵʶоͱ Ҫá٤ԡѿţȣ٤Ժ͵ѿ ֻǾȷ岻ʱ˶ûнʾ˶ ϵţȴʾ˶ıʹϵּ һ⡰Ϊţٵһɱţٵ֣٤ ͵ѿһǰûᵽģڶǰû ġһھˡţٵһɡļֵ ܺΪ岻Чţٵһɡ Ȼָǵʵᵽ٤Զѧ Ĺ׺͡ţٵһɡѧеĵλͼֵ ˵θߵۡţٵһɡΪ˵ ۽ţٵһɡƶٴҲΪÿһƣ ҶԸöɵʶһֺ;ǰһЩ

? ܡƣҪھˡܡļֵ ͷˡܡIJ̡ܡڡ ϣڡλơϣǶǽϳ ĸбҪǵIJʽͰ һйĸϵʹ֪ʶϵͳг ֡ܡļֵеȡ硢 ⡢ԭӸлĽһ𣬳Ϊһߡ Ӧýܡһ֪ʶۺдһ¡ҺȻ ÿѧʹģʽд̰ǵд̰Ҳ ΪֿѧʹۣһۺϹ̡ ȹ֪ʶڣ֪ʶʲôĹȥ ֪ʶβģδ֪ʶļֵͺ ԣǽ֪ʶھϵ ⽫ǽѧ֪ʶṹ վʶ۵ĸ߶ȥѧܾʦΪǿ ſγ̵ɣ

C*ʦѧʽѧΪչ
? 4֪ʶWWHW˼һ˽ʦ ݵ⡣

ʦC14ķ˼ռ
? ʦṩWWHWʶۿ˼Уһ H֪ʶβģҵʱΪʲôҪ һᷨҵĽѧұʾɡ ˼ר⣬ʦһֱǿʦ֪ ֪ʶȥʹȷ۵ȷԡΪ ʲôҲ֪еԭ һѧ˽ѧIJʽǽġҰʾ Ŀɱԡǽʦģ֪ʶIJ̣ѧ һ龳ѧȥ̽ȥ˼άӶѧ ѧ*ȤDZѧ֪ʶպ⡣ ȻһЩԵĶҲ֣ܳﵽ˿ѧ Ŀġ

? ˼άơɡӰ ΪԡΪɡ 򵥵Ķ֪ʶ֪ʶIJʽӦ ǹʽʵϹɵó ״״ķΪ3:1֪ʶ ѧ*ѾɡΪʲô̿ڽ ϵ¶ļоأҲ̫ף ڽѧطɵIJǺȻ ڿγѧ*УҰʦģ ԡɡWWHW˼

1ɡʲô
? ӽʵĽ״Ϊ31ϵ¶ ͷΪ4֣һ״Ŵӿ ƵġڶϸdzɶԵģһ ĸһԸγ ʱɶԵĻ˴˷룬ֱ뵽ͬ УÿֻгɶԻеһ ܾãF1ϸͬ 򣬼ָ˫ģF1ɲֱ ͬӡ

? 2ɡļֵʲô
? ΢۽ǶȽʾ״ıʡ
? ܹԤһЩͽʵ⡣
? 3ɡβģ
? ϵ¶㶹ӽ飬״ Ϊ˽ʾ䱾ʶһֽ۽͡ ;衪֤Ĺ̡
? 4Ϊʲôɡ֪ʶǺģ
? ״ԭ򲢵õ֤
? ͨԻȾɫ֮Ĺϵѡܾ Ⱦɫı仯һƶϳ ȷԡ
? ԡɡWWHW˼Ҷԡ ɡˣнѧƵ˼· ˡ

ƿѧʽѧΪչС
? 1ʵǰ*ʦûеѧʽѧΪ
? 2ʦѧʽļֵչѧ ѧΪǰᡣ6λְʦAʵ Ȼṩ˷֣ʦҵ ƷĽѧΪһֱˮ*1Ҫԭǽ ʦΪֿѧʵҵûжֵ ҲͲԿǡB*ʦC*ʦ ĿѧרУڿѧʽļֵԽ ԽǿԣˣʦԿѧʽĿʶ Ҳ͸ǿˡ

ƿѧʽѧΪչС
? 3۲ױֳĽѧ Ϊ
? 4ɵĹʽʽҲ׷չĽ ѧΪ
? 5ѧʽѧڽʦѧʽѧ Ϊķչвá

ƿѧʽѧΪչС ? 6ѧʽѧˮ*ӰŽʦѧʽѧ
Ϊķչˮ*
? 7WWHW˼ģ˽ʦʶˮ*һ ˽ʦ֪ʶݼѧʵ⣬ٽ˽ʦ ѧʽѧΪķչ
? 8ѧʽѧΪҼϵͳ*ʦѧ ʽѧΪչЧļá

ӰʦѧʹۼѧΪĿγ

ƿγ̱׼

*̿



к

ƾ

ͬ



ѧ











ˮ



Ϳ ѧ



*







ʶ



























㡱ѧ



ȱ











˼











ҵ









ְǰ*ʦ

ԸĽʦĽ

ְʦ

˶ʿ



ƿ
ѧѧ ѧ
ʷ ѧ
ο
̳

ר ѧ н ѧ Ŀ α ʽ

ϵ ͳ ѧ ʰ ʵ ѧΪ ָ Ϊ Խ

ѧ ʿ ѧ ѧ չ ǰ



ѧ

ʵ

ʷ







̳

չ ѧ ѧ

ѧ



ԿѧںҪ˵

ƿγ̱׼Ľ

Խ̿дӦ Կѧѧ

Կѧ۽

ԿѧʽṩѧΪ

תʶǶȣؽʶ۷ʽ

ؽ*̿ı

۲ۣؽԽʽ ɺۣؼʽ

ʶ⣬ؽʶۻ

ؽʦѧ

Ʒ˼Իؽʶ۷˼Ի

˼ѧʣؽѧʹ

ѧʽѧΪ ѧҼϵͳ䰸

֮
? ͨжоķչѧʽѧоγ̣ ٽ*ʦĿѧʹۼѧΪķչ
? ܽ˿ѧʽѧΪĹҪؼָꡣ ? ʦʶˮ*WWHWģ͡ ? γ˽ʦѧʽѧΪҼϵͳ䰸 ? ԿγؽзӦĽ顣 ? ˽̿ıͽʦѧؽԡ


Ƽ