山东省菏泽市中考英语总复*语法十一动词的时态课件03

发布于:2021-06-14 19:08:54

菏泽语法十一 动词的时态 与语态 考点1 动词的时态 (1)一般现在时 表示经常性、*惯性的动作或表示客观真理。 常与often, usually, always等时间状语连用。 She often works on weekends. 她经常在周末工作。 There are four seasons in a year. 一年有四季。 (2)一般过去时 表示过去发生的动作。be动词的一般过去时为was, were; 实义动词的一般过去时为动词的过去式。常与just now, yesterday, last week, ago等表示过去的时间状语连用。 Who did you see at the meeting yesterday? 你在昨天的会议上看见了谁? ★必背句式 ①一般过去时+一段时间+ago ②It is+一段时间+since+一般过去时 ③过去进行时+when+一般过去时 ④过去完成时+when+一般过去时 (3)一般将来时 由“shall/will+动词原形”构成,shall用于第一人称, will用于各种人称;此外还有“be going to+动词原形” 的形式。常与tomorrow, next week等表示将来的时间 状语连用。 He will visit Scotland next week. 他下周要去苏格兰旅游。 I am going to stay for a week. 我打算待一个星期。 Look at the dark clouds. It is going to rain. 看那乌云。要下雨了。 ★be going to do表示将来时指事先经过考虑的打算或 有迹象表明要发生某事。 be going to do表示将来 be going to do表示将来有两种情况:一种是事先经过考虑 的打算;另一种是有迹象表明要发生某事。考生经常在这 两种情况上触雷。 (4)现在进行时 由“am/is/are+现在分词”构成,表示现在正在发生的事情 或*期一直在做的事情。句中常有now, Look! Listen! 等标志词。 Look! A bird is flying in the sky. 看!一只鸟在天上飞。 She is teaching at a night school now. 目前她在一所夜校教学。 (5)过去进行时 由“was/were+现在分词”构成,表示过去某一时间正在 发生的事情或过去某段时间一直在做的事情。常与this time yesterday, “when+过去动作”等时间状语连用。 She was watching TV at this time yesterday. 昨天这个时候她正在看电视。 They were waiting for you last night. 昨晚他们一直在等你。 (6)现在完成时 由“have/has+过去分词”构成,表示过去某时发生的动作 一直延续到现在或过去的动作对现在有影响。标志词有 since, for, already, yet, so far等。 I have lived in Beijing since 10 years ago. 自从10年前我就一直在北京居住。 They have lost the match. 他们已经输了比赛。 ★当句中有“How long. . . ?/since. . . /for. . . ”等时间状语 时,句中动词要用延续性动词。非延续性动词与延续性 动词的转换如下: buy→have borrow→keep leave→be away die→be dead become→be come to→be in begin→be on stop→be over open/close→be open/closed leave+地点→be away from+地点 join→be in/a member of 非延续性动词与延续性动词的转换 上面这些常见的非延续性动词与延续性动词之间的转换是 考生经常触雷的地方。 1.(2017·贵港中考)—Where were Bill and David when the teacher came in? —They _C_ in the hallway. A.are talking B.have talked C.were talking D.talk 2.(2017·泰安中考)With the development of science and technology, robot cooks _C_ in our families in the future. A.appear B.appeared C.will appear D.is appearing 3.(2017·莱芜中考)—I didn't see your father yesterday when I went to your house. —Oh, he _C_ strawberries on the farm. A.picks B.picked C.was picking D.has picked 4.(2017·烟台中考)—Look at my new smart phone. —Wow, it's so cool! When and where _C_ you __it? A.do; buy B.have; bought C.did; buy D.have; had 5.(2017·安徽中考)I am surprised at the new look of my hometown, for it _D_ a lot over the years. A.changed B.changes C.will change D.has changed 6.(2017·北京中考)—How do you us

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